LNMP – 编译安装PHP

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

Linux版本:CentOS 6.7 

内核版本:2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64

PHP版本:5.4.37

创建用户php-fpm: 

# useradd -s /sbin/nologin php-fpm

配置编译参数:

# cd php-5.4.37

# ./configure /

–prefix=/usr/local/php /

–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc /

–enable-fpm /

–with-fpm-user=php-fpm /

–with-fpm-group=php-fpm /

–with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql /

–with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock /

–with-libxml-dir /

–with-gd /

–with-jpeg-dir /

–with-png-dir /

–with-freetype-dir /

–with-iconv-dir /

–with-zlib-dir /

–with-mcrypt /

–enable-soap /

–enable-gd-native-ttf /

–enable-ftp /

–enable-mbstring /

–enable-exif /

–enable-zend-multibyte /

–disable-ipv6 /

–with-pear /

–with-curl /

–with-openssl

如果配置过程中出现了一些错误,一般都是因为缺少了一些库,最好在配置之前下载一些库文件:

# yum install -y gcc libxml2 libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel libcurl libcurl-devel libjpeg-turbo libjpeg-turbo-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel

像libmcrypt文件在CentOS 6的yum源里是不存在的,所以安装这个库文件之前要安装一个第三方的源:

# rpm -ivh ‘http://www.lishiming.net/data/attachment/forum/epel-release-6-8_64.noarch.rpm’

库文件安装好后,再进行配置,完成后echo $?, 如果输出的是0,那么就可以进行编译了,否则就看着办吧

编译,安装:

# make && make install 

每一步完成后都要 echo $? 看一看有没有不等于0的

拷贝php全局配置文件php.ini:

# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

修改php-fpm配置文件php-fpm.conf :

# vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

把如下内容写入该文件: 其中包含www.test.com这个测试站的池子www, 以及供nginx来读取的sock文件

[global]

pid = /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid

error_log = /usr/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.log

[test]

listen = /tmp/test.sock

user = php-fpm

group = php-fpm

listen.owner = nobody

listen.group = nobody

pm = dynamic

pm.max_children = 50

pm.start_servers = 20

pm.min_spare_servers = 5

pm.max_spare_servers = 35

pm.max_requests = 500

rlimit_files = 1024

配置完成后检验配置是否正确:

# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t

拷贝php-fpm的启动脚本文件:

# cp /usr/local/src/php-5.4.37/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm

启动php-fpm:

# service php-fpm start

查看php-fpm的进程是否正常启动:

# ps aux |grep php-fpm

【转自慕课】https://www.imooc.com

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