编译安装PHP 时遇到问题解决方法.

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

环境:centos X64 最小化安装 

php版本:php-5.4.3

安装前.先安装些软件和库文件

yum install -y gcc gcc-c++  make zlib zlib-devel pcre pcre-devel  libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

领导要我们自己手动装 不允许我们直接用yum 所以上面的都没执行

编译安装PHP

进入php的解压目录

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php –enable-fpm  –with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt –with-zlib –enable-mbstring –with-openssl –with-mysql –with-mysqli –with-mysql-sock –with-gd –with-jpeg-dir=/usr/lib –enable-gd-native-ttf  –enable-pdo –with-pdo-mysql –with-gettext –with-curl –with-pdo-mysql –enable-sockets –enable-bcmath –enable-xml –with-bz2 –enable-zip –enable-freetype

运行之后遇到的问题:

error 1

checking for xml2-config path… 
configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.

(看提示就明白 是一个lib库没装  先用 yum search 名字 看是否能搜到名字 ,找到名字后 把软件包 开发包装上)

解决办法

yum install libxml2-devel.x86_64

error 2

checking for pkg-config… /usr/bin/pkg-config
configure: error: Cannot find OpenSSL’s <evp.h>

这是ssl没装

解决办法

 yum  install  openssl.x86_64 openssl-devel.x86_64 -y

error 3

checking for BZip2 in default path… not found
configure: error: Please reinstall the BZip2 distribution

这是bzip2软件包没有安装

解决办法

yum install bzip2-devel.x86_64 -y

error 4

configure: error: Please reinstall the libcurl distribution –
    easy.h should be in <curl-dir>/include/curl/

curl和curl库文件没有安装

解决办法

yum install libcurl.x86_64 libcurl-devel.x86_64 -y

error 5

checking whether to enable JIS-mapped Japanese font support in GD… no
checking for fabsf… yes
checking for floorf… yes
configure: error: jpeglib.h not found

GD库没有安装

解决办法

yum install libjpeg.x86_64 libpng.x86_64 freetype.x86_64 libjpeg-devel.x86_64 libpng-devel.x86_64 freetype-devel.x86_64 -y

error 6

checking for stdarg.h… (cached) yes
checking for mcrypt support… yes
configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

libmcrypt库没有安装 ,要是不能用yun安装的话  就要去下载个gz包 自己编译安装


在新手php编译安装时,时常会遇到这个问题,Please reinstall libmcrypt.

以为在yum源里乜有该安装包的信息,所以先需要安装扩展源来添加
下面是解决办法:
yum install epel-release 安装扩展源

yum install libmcrypt-devel  安装该插件

完成

下面这个方法不对报错内容:configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt

网上搜索了很多,包括自带的 yum install libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel,这个是没有效果的。

去SourceForget下载libmcrypt http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/Libmcrypt/ ,最新版是mcrypt 2.6.7.gz。下载下来安装仍旧报错libmcrypt没有找到!

继续测试,最后安装成功,感觉是版本太高。

方法(关键点在用 2.5.7版本):

[html] view plain copy

  1. #使用wget可以通过以下路径下载  

  2. wget ftp://mcrypt.hellug.gr/pub/crypto/mcrypt/attic/libmcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz  

  3.    

  4. #解压  

  5. tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz   

  6.    

  7. #进入目录  

  8. cd libmcrypt-2.5.7  

  9.    

  10. #编译(默认安装到/usr/local/lib/)  

  11. ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt  

  12.    

  13. #执行安装  

  14. make && make install  

再回到PHP-5.5.13解压缩的ext目录的mcrypt里面

[html] view plain copy

  1. phpize  

  2.   

  3. ./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php5/bin/php-config /  

  4.   

  5. –with-libmcrypt=/usr/lib/libmcrypt  

  6.   

  7. make  

  8.   

  9. make test  

  10.   

  11. make install  

  12.   

  13. vim /etc/php.ini    

  14.   

  15. #加入extension=mcrypt.so  


(编译安装  ./configure –piefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt   make && make install)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

要是错误里面含有mysql的  那是mysql-devel 没有安装

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

出现

Generating files configure: creating ./config.status creating main/internal_functions.c creating main/internal_functions_cli.c

+——————————————————————–+

| License:                                                           |

| This software is subject to the PHP License, available in this     |

| distribution in the file LICENSE.  By continuing this installation |

| process, you are bound by the terms of this license agreement.     |

| If you do not agree with the terms of this license, you must abort |

| the installation process at this point.                            |

+——————————————————————–+

Thank you for using PHP.

config.status: creating php5.spec

config.status: creating main/build-defs.h

config.status: creating scripts/phpize

config.status: creating scripts/man1/phpize.1

config.status: creating scripts/php-config

config.status: creating scripts/man1/php-config.1

config.status: creating sapi/cli/php.1

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/php-fpm.8

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/status.html

config.status: creating main/php_config.h

config.status: executing default commands

表示安装成功

 make  && make install

make完成之后  到php的解压目录 找出php.ini-production 复制到 /usr/local/php/lib/ 下 文件名改成php.ini

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini 

完成..

【转自慕课】https://www.imooc.com

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