PHP判断变量为空的方法及PHP中Boolean类型详解

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如何判断变量为空,话不多说,直接代码

        $testIsset ="赋值了";
        $results = array();
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被赋值","testFun"=>"isset()","result"=>isset($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"isset返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被赋值","testFun"=>"empty()","result"=>empty($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"empty返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被赋值","testFun"=>"is_null()","result"=>is_null($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"is_null返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被赋值","testFun"=>"var == null","result"=>$testIsset==null,"resultDes"=>"var == null返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被赋值","testFun"=>"var === null","result"=>$testIsset===null,"resultDes"=>"var === null返回false"]);
        unset($testIsset);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量unset后","testFun"=>"isset()","result"=>isset($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"isset返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量unset后","testFun"=>"empty()","result"=>empty($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"empty返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量unset后","testFun"=>"is_null()","result"=>"","resultDes"=>"函数调用时报错"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量unset后","testFun"=>"var == null","result"=>"","resultDes"=>"函数调用时报错"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量unset后","testFun"=>"var === null","result"=>"","resultDes"=>"函数调用时报错"]);
        $testIsset = null;
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为null","testFun"=>"isset()","result"=>isset($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"isset返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为null","testFun"=>"empty()","result"=>empty($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"empty返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为null","testFun"=>"is_null()","result"=>is_null($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"is_null返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为null","testFun"=>"var == null","result"=>$testIsset==null,"resultDes"=>"var == null返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为null","testFun"=>"var === null","result"=>$testIsset===null,"resultDes"=>"var === null返回true"]);
        $testIsset = 0;
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为数字0","testFun"=>"isset()","result"=>isset($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"isset返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为数字0","testFun"=>"empty()","result"=>empty($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"empty返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为数字0","testFun"=>"is_null()","result"=>is_null($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"is_null返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为数字0","testFun"=>"var == null","result"=>$testIsset==null,"resultDes"=>"var == null返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为数字0","testFun"=>"var === null","result"=>$testIsset===null,"resultDes"=>"var === null返回false"]);
        $testIsset = "0";
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为字符串0","testFun"=>"isset()","result"=>isset($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"isset返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为字符串0","testFun"=>"empty()","result"=>empty($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"empty返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为字符串0","testFun"=>"is_null()","result"=>is_null($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"is_null返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为字符串0","testFun"=>"var == null","result"=>$testIsset==null,"resultDes"=>"var == null返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为字符串0","testFun"=>"var === null","result"=>$testIsset===null,"resultDes"=>"var === null返回false"]);
        $testIsset = false;
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为false","testFun"=>"isset()","result"=>isset($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"isset返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为false","testFun"=>"empty()","result"=>empty($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"empty返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为false","testFun"=>"is_null()","result"=>is_null($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"is_null返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为false","testFun"=>"var == null","result"=>$testIsset==null,"resultDes"=>"var == null返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为false","testFun"=>"var === null","result"=>$testIsset===null,"resultDes"=>"var === null返回false"]);
        $testIsset = "";
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为空字符串","testFun"=>"isset()","result"=>isset($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"isset返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为空字符串","testFun"=>"empty()","result"=>empty($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"empty返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为空字符串","testFun"=>"is_null()","result"=>is_null($testIsset),"resultDes"=>"is_null返回false"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为空字符串","testFun"=>"var == null","result"=>$testIsset==null,"resultDes"=>"var == null返回true"]);
        array_push($results,["state"=>"变量被设置为空字符串","testFun"=>"var === null","result"=>$testIsset===null,"resultDes"=>"var === null返回false"]);

结果如下:
PHP判断变量为空的方法及PHP中Boolean类型详解
PHP判断变量为空的方法及PHP中Boolean类型详解

结论:
//isset对于未初始化或者为null的变量返回false,表明未被初始化
//empty对于未被初始化,为null,数字0,字符串0,false,空字符串,都会返回true,表示变量是空的,所以empty就是将变量强转为boolean类型,然后返回
//is_null当变量为null时会返回true
//var == null当变量为null,数字0,false,空字符串时都会返回true
//var === null当变量为null是才会返回true

PHP中Boolean类型详解

  • 当转换为 boolean 时,以下值被认为是 FALSE;
    Boolean(false);
    int(0)
    float(0.0)
    空字符串及字符串”0″
    不包括任何元素的数组
    特殊类型 NULL (包括尚未设定的变量)

  • 当转换为 boolean 时,以下值被认为是 FALSE;

布尔转字符串时,true=>1,false=>””;

【转自慕课】https://www.imooc.com

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